Now the excitement of the Christmas and New Year festivities has faded it’s time to get down to business and look ahead to identify the HR trends for 2018.
One major trend is the increasing need to focus on data protection. In May 2018 there will be major shake up of data protection laws which have existed in the UK since 1984 designed to protect employees and consumers in how their personal information is held and managed by organisations. Organisations will need to undertake an audit of data protection procedures across departments to ensure personal information is handled in accordance with the new laws. An audit should methodically identify what data is held and why, who manages the data, what procedures are followed,and what needs to be altered to ensure compliance with the law. Subject access requests must now be handled within one month and without charging a fee. Employees and potential new employees must be informed as to the exact reasons why their personal data will be processed. Organisations need to draw up a privacy notice that should indicate what and how personal information will be managed. To be honest data protection isn’t the most exciting area of HR but unfortunately if companies don’t comply the consequences could be huge fines. To find out more there is a wealth of information on the Information Commission website https://ico.org.uk/
Following the success of Unison in the Supreme Court in July 2017 employment tribunal fees have been abolished. The fees were introduced in July 2013 and meant that if an employee wanted to take their employer to an employment tribunal for unfair dismissal they had to find £1200 which is a hefty sum if you have just lost your job. The Supreme Court decided that the fees were unfair and were a barrier to justice. Anyone who paid employment tribunal fees since 2013 is entitled to apply for a refund.
The statistics from 2013 – https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/tribunals-statistics – showed a dramatic reduction in the number of employment tribunal claims being lodged which was the main intention of the Conservative government. Since the abolition of the fees there has been a noticeable increase in the number of claims being lodged although at the moment they have not reached anywhere near the level in 2013 before the fee introduction. However, give it time. There remain a lot of unscrupulous employers out there who fail to treat their employees well. It now costs nothing to lodge a claim so during 2018 we could well see the trend in the number of claims rising.
The latest unemployment figures show the rate is 4.6% which means there is very little wriggle room for employers to find new staff. The skills shortage and therefore this trend in the UK will continue and may get worse. This is a phenomenon that has been around for quite a while in the UK with many industry sectors suffering and competing for staff. The skills shortage may get worse in some industry sectors with Brexit causing an impetus of skilled staff returning to their homes elsewhere in Europe.
The latest employment tribunal statistics – July to September 2016 – show a marginal increase of 2% in single claims compared to the same period in 2015 whilst there has been an increase of 45% for multiple claims for the same period. A multiple claim is one that contains multiple claimants on the same form.
The employment tribunal statistics show that the average time to dispose of a single claim was 26 weeks, but 205 weeks for a multiple claim.
4,300 single claims were received during July to September 2016 with 27,200 multiple claims and over 5,245 applications were made for remission of the issue fee which can range from £160 to £250. 4,623 claims received either full or partial remission. A fee remission can be applied for where a claimant does not have a certain level of savings in the bank and/or is on a low income or income support. A separate fee remission application must be submitted. Fewer applications were made for remission of the hearing fee which can range from £230 to £950.
The full statistical analysis can be viewed here.
A fee remission application form can be found here
Guide on applying for fee remission here